By: Ryan Babcock
On December 1, 2015, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure were amended, and the federal district courts across the country are starting to apply them to pending cases. In a nutshell, those amendments were in large part aimed at raising the profile of the concept of “proportionality” in the discovery process. This common sense concept now pervades the rules, and directs the federal trial courts and the litigants before them that, for evidence to be discoverable, the information sought must be relevant and proportional to the needs of the case.
By: Amanda K. Hall
On January 25, 2016, researchers at Harvard University and The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign detailed their creation of “4D-Printed” structures –made by mimicking the way orchids and other plants move and twist – that could ultimately lead to advances in the way medical devices are created both in the United States and abroad.
By: Michael Hill
We have previously discussed the decision of the Department of Labor to narrow the definition of “independent contractor” so that more workers can be deemed “employees” and thus subject to federal wage and hour laws. On a similar theme, the DOL’s Wage and Hour Division recently issued an Administrator’s Interpretation, in which it seeks to expand the concept of “joint employment” under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSPA).
By: Nina Maja Bergmar
Federal law requires every employer to complete Form I-9 for each new employee. As part of this process, the employer must request original documents from a list of acceptable documents that establish an employee’s identity and work authorization. The employer must then sign the so-called attestation clause in Section 2 of Form I-9, confirming that it has examined the documents presented by the new hire and that, to the best of its knowledge, the hire is authorized to work in the United States.